Hercules Historical Society

Human Settlement

Humans have settled the Bay Area in great numbers since the most recent Ice Age, about 11,000 years ago.

Europeans displaced the indigenous peoples beginning in the mid-eighteenth century. 

Today, the San Francisco Bay estuary is the center of a  metropolis, the home of seven million people. 

Indigenous Settlement


Two hundred fifty years ago, the estuary was the center of an almost unimaginably different landscape, the home of about...

European Settlement

First Contact & Spain Mexico Californios Americans Gold Rush Settlement of Pinole Civil War Period